Waste management policies
Waste management policies in the EU, Finland in general and the municipalities themselves are based on the 6 following principles:
- It is more beneficial to prevent the waste from being produced in the first place, thus reducing the amount of waste that has to be processed
- The producer of the waste is responsible for all the costs resulting from managing the waste
- The producer is responsible for the reuse and/or processing of any waste generated as a result of their products. In some cases this responsibility is instead applied to the reseller or importer of the product.
- The dangers arising from wastes and waste management must be evaluated beforehand
- Any wastes produced must be processed as close to their point of origin as possible
- Any waste management systems must be set up in such a fashion that every community is self sufficient in their waste management
The general goals of the EU waste policy are, in order of importance, as follows:
- The prevention of waste production and reducing the harmfulness of any waste produced
- The reuse and recycling of waste
- The safe and appropriate processing of waste
- The prevention and mitigation of any health –or environmental impacts resulting from waste
These goals are to be achieved by legal, economical, informational and various non-mandatory means.